4-AMINOPYRIDINE TOXICITY
 
Description    4-aminopyridine is a bird repellent; accidental exposure leads to toxicity. Death usually occurs within hours of ingestion.
 
Species   Bovine, Canine, Equine, Feline, Caprine, Ovine, Porcine
 
Signs   Abnormal behavior, aggression, changing habits, Agalactia, Anorexia, Ataxia, Dysmetria, Dyspnea, Excessive salivation, Excitement, Increased respiratory rate, Seizures or syncope, Sudden death, Sweating, Tachycardia, Tenesmus, Trembling, Tremor, Underweight, poor condition, thin, emaciated, unthriftiness, ill thrift, Weight loss
 
References   Lee JA. Emergency Management and Treatment of the Poisoned Small Animal Patient. Vet Clin N A: Sm Anim Pract 2013;43:757 [Web Reference]
Dorman DC. Diagnosis and therapy of neurotoxicological syndromes in dogs and cats: selected syndromes induced by pesticides, part 2. Prog Vet Neurol 1993;4:111
Nicholson SS. Suspected 4-aminopyridine toxicosis in cattle. JAVMA 1981;178:1277
Ray AC et al. Clinical signs and chemical confirmation of 4-aminopyridine poisoning in horses. AJVR 1978;39:329-331
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