SODIUM FLUOROACETATE, 1080, TOXICITY
 
Description    Sodium fluoroacetate (compound 1080) is available only to professional exterminators in the U.S. Direct exposure is possible or carnivores can develop toxicity from eating rodents previously poisoned by fluoroacetate or its derivitive fluoroacetamide.
 
Species   Bovine, Canine, Equine, Feline, Caprine, Ovine, Porcine
 
Signs   Abnormal pupillary response to light, Anorexia, Arrhythmia, Ataxia, Blindness, Colic, Coma, Constant or increased vocalization, Cyanosis, Diarrhea, Disoriented, Dullness, Dysmetria, Dyspnea, Dysuria, Excessive salivation, Excitement, Fecal incontinence, Fever, Generalized weakness, Hyperesthesia, Inability to stand, Increased frequency of urination, Increased respiratory rate, Mydriasis, Opisthotonus, Propulsion, Seizures or syncope, Sudden death, Tachycardia, Tenesmus, Trembling, Tremor, Urinary incontinence, Ventricular fibrillation, flutter, Ventricular tachycardia, Vomiting or regurgitation
 
References   Giannitti F. An Outbreak of Sodium Fluoroacetate (1080) Intoxication in Selenium- and Copper-Deficient Sheep in California. Vet Pathol 2013;50:1022 [Web Reference]
Lee JA. Emergency Management and Treatment of the Poisoned Small Animal Patient. Vet Clin N A Sm Anim Pract 2013;43:757 [Web Reference]
Finnie J. Neurological diseases of ruminant livestock in Australia. II: toxic disorders and nutritional deficiencies. Aust Vet J 2011;89:247 [Web Reference]
Goh CSS. Sodium monofluoroacetate (compound 1080) poisoning in dogs. Aust Vet J 2005;474 [Web Reference]
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