Description    BRASSICA plants such as kale, cabbage, rape, and turnips can cause one or more problems including blindness, pulmonary edema, hemolytic anemia and digestive disturbances. The anemia is characterized by Heinz bodies.
Species   Bovine, Caprine, Ovine
Signs   Abdominal distention, Abnormal lung or pleural sounds, Agalactia, Anorexia, Ataxia, Blindness, Bloat in ruminants, Cold skin, Colic, Coma, Cyanosis, Decreased amount of stools, absent feces, constipation, Diarrhea, Dullness, Dyspnea, Excessive salivation, Excitement, Exercise intolerance, Female infertility, Fever, Generalized weakness, Head pressing, Hemoglobinuria or myoglobinuria, Icterus, Inability to stand, Increased frequency of urination, Increased respiratory rate, Nystagmus, Pale, Propulsion, Red or brown urine, Reluctant to move, Rough hair coat, Rumen hypomotility or atony, Subcutaneous crepitation, Sudden death, Tachycardia, Tongue protrusion, Trembling, Tremor, Underweight, poor condition, thin, emaciated, unthriftiness, ill thrift, Weight loss
References   Panter KE. Effects of Xenobiotics and Phytotoxins on Reproduction in Food Animals. Vet Clin N A Food Anim Prac 2011;27:429 [Web Reference]
McGuirk SM. Toxicologic emergencies in cattle. Vet Clin N A: Food Anim Pract 2005;21:729 [Web Reference]
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