PULMONARY HYPERTENSION, BRISKET, HIGH-ALTITUDE, -MOUNTAIN, DISEASE
 
Description    Calves and adults in high-altitude areas can develop pulmonary-hypoxia-induced arterial hypertension followed by right ventricular hypertrophy and cardiac failure. Names for this common condition include Brisket Disease, High-Mountain Disease, High-Altitude Disease, Dropsy, Big Brisket, or Belly Dragger.
 
Species   Bovine
 
Signs   Abdominal distention, Agalactia, Anorexia, Ascites, Coughing, Dark color stools, feces, Decreased, muffled, lung sounds, Dehydration, Diarrhea, Dullness, Dyspnea, Exercise intolerance, Exophthalmos, Fever, Generalized weakness, Head, face, ears, jaw, nose, nasal, swelling, Heart murmur, Hepatosplenomegaly, Inability to stand, Increased respiratory rate, Jugular pulse, Lack of growth or weight gain, Neck swelling, Peripheral venous distention, Reluctant to move, Rough hair coat, Skin edema, Sudden death, Swelling, mass external abdomen, Tachycardia, Thoracic swelling, Underweight, poor condition, thin, emaciated, unthriftiness, ill thrift, Weight loss
 
References   Neary JM. Right-Sided Congestive Heart Failure in North American Feedlot Cattle. J Vet Intern Med 2016;30:326 [Web Reference]
Neary JM. The altitude at which a calf is born and raised influences the rate at which mean pulmonary arterial pressure increases with age. J Anim Sci 2015;93:4714 [Web Reference]
Copyright © 2017 Cornell University College of Veterinary Medicine