CARBON MONOXIDE TOXICITY
 
Description    Carbon monoxide from such sources as engine exhaust, space heaters or furnaces can cause toxicity. Carbon monoxide binds to hemoglobin and prevents oxygen binding to hemoglobin. The blood has a cherry red appearance and tissues can appear pink.
 
Species   Bovine, Canine, Equine, Feline, Caprine, Ovine, Porcine
 
Signs   Abnormal proprioceptive positioning, Anorexia, Ataxia, Blindness, Coma, Congestion oral mucous membranes, Cyanosis, Dehydration, Disoriented, Dullness, Dysmetria, Dyspnea, Generalized lameness or stiffness, Generalized weakness, Inability to stand, Increased respiratory rate, Paraparesis, Seizures or syncope, Tachycardia, Tetraparesis, Trembling, Tremor, Vomiting or regurgitation
 
References   Lee JA. Emergency Management and Treatment of the Poisoned Small Animal Patient. Vet Clin N Am Sm Anim Pract 2013;43:757 [Web Reference]
Kent M. Clinical and Neuropathological Findings of Acute Carbon Monoxide Toxicity in Chihuahuas Following Smoke Inhalation. JAAHA 2010;46:259 [Web Reference]
Berent AC. Carbon monoxide toxicity: a case series. Vet Emerg Crit Care 2005;15:128 [Web Reference]
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