KIKUYU POISONING IN RUMINANTS
 
Description    In New Zealand, Australia and Africa clinical signs develop in ruminants grazing Kikuyu grass PENNISETUM CLANDESTINUM. It is not known if this is due to the grass itself or another agent.
 
Species   Bovine, Caprine, Ovine
 
Signs   Abdominal distention, Abnormal proprioceptive positioning, Agalactia, Anorexia, Ataxia, Bloat in ruminants, Colic, Coma, Cyanosis, Decreased amount of stools, absent feces, constipation, Decreased borborygmi, Dehydration, Diarrhea, Dullness, Dysmetria, Dysphagia, Dyspnea, Enophthalmos, Excessive salivation, Fever, Generalized weakness, Grinding teeth, Inability to stand, Increased respiratory rate, Ingesta in nasal passage, Opisthotonus, Pain on external abdominal pressure, Polydipsia, Polyuria, Propulsion, Rough hair coat, Rumen hypomotility or atony, Seizures or syncope, Tachycardia, Tetraparesis, Tongue weakness, Trembling, Tremor, Vomiting or regurgitation
 
References   Botha CJ. Fusarium species isolated from Pennisetum clandestinum collected during outbreaks of kikuyu poisoning in cattle in South Africa. Onderstepoort J Vet Res 2014;81 [Web Reference]
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