MONENSIN, NARASIN, SALINOMYCIN, MADURAMICIN, IONOPHORE, TOXICITY IN PIGS
 
Description    Ionophore antibiotics are used as coccidiostats in poultry and growth promoters in ruminants. Accidental exposure of swine to high dietary levels of monensin, salinomycin, maduramicin, or narasin causes cardiac and skeletal muscle necrosis.
 
Species   Porcine
 
Signs   Abnormal forelimb reflexes, Abnormal hindlimb reflexes, Abnormal proprioceptive positioning, Anorexia, Arrhythmia, Ataxia, Constant or increased vocalization, Cyanosis, Dark color stools, feces, Diarrhea, Dullness, Dysmetria, Dyspnea, Excitement, Fever, Forelimb lameness, Forelimb weakness, Generalized lameness or stiffness, Generalized weakness, Hemoglobinuria or myoglobinuria, Hindlimb lameness, Hyperesthesia, Inability to stand, Increased respiratory rate, Paraparesis, Red or brown urine, Reluctant to move, Skin erythema, Sudden death, Tachycardia, Trembling, Tremor, Underweight, poor condition, thin, emaciated, unthriftiness, ill thrift, Weight loss
 
References   Sturos MJ. Narasin toxicosis in finishing pigs. J Swine Health Prod 2016;24:205 [Web Reference]
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