CHLORATE TOXICITY IN SWINE
 
Description    Chlorates, a combination of a metal or hydrogen and a chlorate radical, are used to make fireworks, matches and explosives. There have been rare reports of accidental exposure of swine to chlorates, which are locally irritating to the gastrointestinal tract, cause hemolysis and methemoglobin formation, and can cause renal failure.
 
Species   Porcine
 
Signs   Ataxia, Colic, Coma, Cyanosis, Diarrhea, Dysmetria, Dyspnea, Generalized weakness, Hematuria, Hemoglobinuria or myoglobinuria, Increased respiratory rate, Oliguria or anuria, Pain on external abdominal pressure, Red or brown urine, Sudden death, Vomiting or regurgitation
 
References   Haskell SRR. Antidotes in food animal practice. JAVMA 2005;226:884
Gregory DG. Chlorate toxicosis in a group of swine. J Vet Diag Invest 1993;5:494
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