BLUE-GREEN ALGAE, CYANOBACTERIUM, ANATOXIN-A, NODULARIN, MICROCYSTIN, POISONING IN DOGS
 
Description    Blue-green algae, cyanobacteria, in fresh water can be toxic. Dogs have developed acute sometimes-fatal nervous signs shortly after swimming in water containing blue-green algae and toxins in blue-green algae can cause liver damage.
 
Species   Canine
 
Signs   Abnormal proprioceptive positioning, Anorexia, Ataxia, Blindness, Bloody stools, feces, hematochezia, Bradycardia, Coma, Cyanosis, Dehydration, Diarrhea, Disoriented, Dullness, Dysmetria, Dyspnea, Epistaxis, Excessive salivation, Excitement, Generalized weakness, Hematemesis, Hematuria, Hepatosplenomegaly, Hyperesthesia, Hypothermia, Icterus, Inability to stand, Increased respiratory rate, Melena or occult blood in feces, stools, Oliguria or anuria, Pain on external abdominal pressure, Paraparesis, Polydipsia, Polyuria, Seizures or syncope, Sudden death, Tachycardia, Tetraparesis, Trembling, Tremor, Vomiting or regurgitation
 
References   Puschner B. Debromoaplysiatoxin as the Causative Agent of Dermatitis in a Dog after Exposure to Freshwater in California. Front Vet Sci 2017;Apr [Web Reference]
Thawley V. Acute Liver Injury and Failure. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 2017;47:617 [Web Reference]
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