TULP, HOMERIA, MOREAE, POISONING IN RUMINANTS
 
Description    Tulp poisoning is caused by the genera HOMERIA and MOREAE endemic in South Africa; almost all species are considered poisonous.
 
Species   Bovine, Caprine, Ovine
 
Signs   Abdominal distention, Anorexia, Arrhythmia, Ataxia, Bloat in ruminants, Bradycardia, Colic, Dehydration, Diarrhea, Dullness, Dyspnea, Excessive salivation, Generalized weakness, Grinding teeth, Hyperesthesia, Inability to stand, Increased frequency of urination, Increased respiratory rate, Paraparesis, Rumen hypomotility or atony, Tachycardia, Tetraparesis, Third degree, complete, atrioventricular heart block, Trembling
 
References   Snyman LD. Evaluation of activated charcoal as treatment for yellow tulp (MORAEA PALLIDA) poisoning in cattle. J S Afr Vet Assn 2009;80:274 [Web Reference]
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