CARDIOTOXIC PLANT POISONING IN RUMINANTS
 
Description    Some African or South American plant species cause a syndrome of cardiotoxicosis in ruminants; animals often die suddenly but can develop congestive heart failure.
 
Species   Bovine, Caprine, Ovine
 
Signs   Abdominal distention, Agalactia, Anorexia, Arrhythmia, Ataxia, Bloat in ruminants, Bradycardia, Coma, Cyanosis, Diarrhea, Dullness, Dysmetria, Dyspnea, Excessive salivation, Exercise intolerance, Gallop rhythm, Generalized weakness, Grinding teeth, Head, face, ears, jaw, nose, nasal, swelling, Heart murmur, Inability to stand, Increased respiratory rate, Jugular pulse, Mucoid nasal discharge, Opisthotonus, Paraparesis, Reluctant to move, Rumen hypomotility or atony, Skin edema, Sudden death, Tachycardia, Tetraparesis, Trembling, Tremor
 
References   Soares MP. Amorimia exotropica poisoning as a presumptive cause of myocardial fibrosis in cattle. J Vet Diagn Invest 2011;23:1226 [Web Reference]
Prozesky L. A study of the pathology and pathogenesis of the myocardial lesions in gousiekte, a plant-induced cardiotoxicosis of ruminants. Onderstepoort J Vet Res 2005;72:219
Bamhre C. Suspected cardiac glycoside intoxication in sheep and goats in namibia due to ornithogalum nanodes (leighton). Onderstepoort J Vet Res 1998;65:25
Nel PW. Cardiac glycoside poisoning in sheep caused by urginea physodes (jacq.) bak. and the isolated physodine a. onderstepoort J Vet Res 1987;54:641
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