DICHAPETALUM POISONING IN RUMINANTS
 
Description    In Africa several species of the plant DICHAPETALUM contain organofluorine compounds that block metabolism.
 
Species   Bovine, Caprine, Ovine
 
Signs   Agalactia, Anorexia, Ataxia, Blindness, Dullness, Dysmetria, Dyspnea, Excessive salivation, Hyperesthesia, Inability to stand, Increased frequency of urination, Increased respiratory rate, Opisthotonus, Rumen hypomotility or atony, Sudden death, Tachycardia, Trembling, Weak pulse
 
References   Minnaar PP. Investigation of biological samples for monofluoroacetate and dichapetalum cymosum poisoning in southern africa. Onderstepoort J Vet Res 2000;67:27
Ngomuo AJ. Dichapetalum spp toxicity in cattle at a farm in tanzania. Vet Human Toxicol 1995;37:143
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