COCAINE TOXICITY IN DOGS AND CATS
 
Description    Cocaine can poison dogs and cats. The clinical signs are usually due to stimulation of the central nervous system, although there can be depression and coma.
 
Species   Canine, Feline
 
Signs   Abnormal anal, perineal, tail reflexes, Abnormal behavior, aggression, changing habits, Abnormal lung or pleural sounds, Abnormal pupillary response to light, Arrhythmia, Ataxia, Blindness, Circling, Coma, Constant or increased vocalization, Dullness, Dysmetria, Dyspnea, Excessive salivation, Excitement, Fever, Generalized weakness, Hemoglobinuria or myoglobinuria, Hyperesthesia, Hypertonia of muscles, myotonia, Inability to open (trismus) and/or close jaw, Increased respiratory rate, Mydriasis, Nystagmus, Ptosis, Red or brown urine, Seizures or syncope, Sinus tachycardia, Tachycardia, Trembling, Tremor, Vomiting or regurgitation
 
References   Thomas EK. Presumptive cocaine toxicosis in 19 dogs: 2004-2012. J Vet Emerg Crit Care 2014;24:201 [Web Reference]
Barfield DM. What is Your Diagnosis? Pupillary dilation, tachycardia and abnormal behaviour in a young cat. J Fel Med Surg 2007;9:265 [Web Reference]
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