ORGANOPHOSPHATE OR CARBAMATE TOXICITY IN BIRDS
 
Description    Organophosphorus or carbamate pesticides can be toxic to birds.
 
Species   Avian
 
Signs   Abnormal lung or pleural sounds, Anorexia, Ataxia, Bradycardia, Diarrhea, Dullness, Dysmetria, Dyspnea, Excessive salivation, Generalized weakness, Inability to stand, Increased mortality in flocks of birds, Increased respiratory rate, Opisthotonus, Prolapsed third eyelid, Seizures or syncope, Sudden death, Trembling, Tremor, Weakness, paresis, paralysis of the legs, limbs in birds, Weakness, paresis, paralysis, drooping, of the wings
 
References   Cowan V. Characterizing 1341 cases of veterinary toxicoses confirmed in western Canada: A 16-year retrospective study. Can Vet J 2016;57:53 [Web Reference]
Stout JD. Common Emergencies in Pet Birds. Vet Clin N A Exotic Anim Pract 2016;19:513 [Web Reference]
Hedley J. Neurologic Diseases of Birds and Reptiles. J Exotic Pet Med 2015;24:6 [Web Reference]
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