WATER HEMLOCK, CICUTA POISONING IN LARGE ANIMALS
 
Description    Water hemlocks, CICUTA spp., that live along swampy areas and streams in the Northern Hemisphere are toxic to livestock.
 
Species   Bovine, Equine, Caprine, Ovine, Porcine
 
Signs   Abdominal distention, Abnormal behavior, aggression, changing habits, Abnormal proprioceptive positioning, Ataxia, Bloat in ruminants, Dysmetria, Dyspnea, Excessive salivation, Excitement, Fever, Generalized weakness, Grinding teeth, Hyperesthesia, Inability to stand, Increased frequency of urination, Increased respiratory rate, Mydriasis, Opisthotonus, Seizures or syncope, Sudden death, Trembling, Tremor
 
References   Niles GA. Toxicoses of the Ruminant Nervous System. Vet Clin North Am Food Anim Pract 2017;33:111 [Web Reference]
Dawson DR. Toxins and Adverse Drug Reactions Affecting the Equine Nervous System. Vet Clin N A Eq Pract 2011;27:507 [Web Reference]
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