ALLIUM SPECIES POISONING IN DOGS AND CATS, ONION, GARLIC, CHIVE, LEEK, SHALLOTS, SCALLIONS
 
Description    Clinical signs have been reported in dogs and cats that ingested ALLIUM spp. (onions, garlic, chives). Anemia might not develop until a few days after ALLIUM consumption.
 
Species   Canine, Feline
 
Signs   Abnormal breath odor, Anorexia, Ataxia, Colic, Diarrhea, Dullness, Dysmetria, Dyspnea, Exercise intolerance, Generalized weakness, Hematuria, Hemoglobinuria or myoglobinuria, Hepatosplenomegaly, Icterus, Increased respiratory rate, Pain on external abdominal pressure, Pale, Polydipsia, Red or brown urine, Seizures or syncope, Tachycardia, Vomiting or regurgitation
 
References   Cortinovis C, Caloni F. Epidemiology of intoxication of domestic animals by plants in Europe. The Veterinary Journal 2013;197:163168 [Web Reference]
Lee JA. Emergency Management and Treatment of the Poisoned Small Animal Patient. Veterinary Clinics of North America: Small Animal Practice 2013;43:757771 [Web Reference]
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