TOAD, RHINELLA MARINA, TOXICITY
 
Description    Toads might secrete venom causing oral irritation in animals that mouth them. Poisoning by the toxic toad RHINELLA MARINA is due to rapid oral and gastric absorption of the toxin; signs are variable, and range from slight salivation to death.
 
Species   Canine, Feline
 
Signs   Arrhythmia, Ataxia, Bloody stools, feces, hematochezia, Coma, Congestion oral mucous membranes, Cyanosis, Diarrhea, Dullness, Dysmetria, Dyspnea, Excessive salivation, Excitement, Fever, First degree atrioventricular heart block, Gagging, retching, Generalized lameness or stiffness, Head shaking, Hyperesthesia, Hypothermia, Inability to stand, Increased respiratory rate, Mouth, oral mucosal or tongue pain, Mydriasis, Nystagmus, Opisthotonus, Second degree atrioventricular heart block, Seizures or syncope, Sinus arrhythmia, Sinus tachycardia, Sudden death, Trembling, Tremor, Ventricular fibrillation, flutter, Ventricular tachycardia, Vomiting or regurgitation
 
References   Johnnides S. Toad Intoxication in the Dog by Rhinella marina: The Clinical Syndrome and Current Treatment Recommendations. JAAHA 2016;52:205 [Web Reference]
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