PHENOL, COAL TAR, TOXICITY
 
Description    Phenolic compounds are in many products including disinfectants, escharotics, keratolytics, preservatives, antiseborrheics, flooring material, clay pigeons, coal tar, creosote, and tar paper. Phenolized skin treatments or coal tar shampoos are a source particularly if they are ingested when the animal grooms itself.
 
Species   Canine, Feline, Porcine
 
Signs   Abnormal behavior, aggression, changing habits, Anorexia, Ataxia, Change in voice, Coma, Corneal edema, opacity, Corneal ulcer, Dehydration, Diarrhea, Dullness, Dysmetria, Dyspnea, Excessive salivation, Gagging, retching, Generalized weakness, Icterus, Inability to stand, Increased respiratory rate, Lack of growth or weight gain, Mouth, oral mucosal or tongue pain, Mydriasis, Oral mucosal ulcers, vesicles, Pale, Propulsion, Rough hair coat, Seizures or syncope, Skin necrosis, Skin pain, Sudden death, Tachycardia, Trembling, Tremor, Underweight, poor condition, thin, emaciated, unthriftiness, ill thrift, Vomiting or regurgitation, Weight loss
 
References   Wismer TA. Management and prevention of toxicoses in search-and-rescue dogs responding to urban disasters. JAVMA 2003;222:305
Geiger TL. Phenol poisoning in three dogs. JAAHA 2000;36:317
Owens TL. Common household hazard for small animals. Vet Med 1997;92:140
McLean CW. Observations on coal tar poisoning in pigs. Vet Rec 1969;84:594
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