ETHANOL, METHANOL, ISOPROPANOL, ALCOHOL, TOXICITY IN DOGS AND CATS
 
Description    Ethanol Toxicity is uncommon in pets and rarely fatal but should be considered when alcoholic beverages, fermented foods, or yeast preparations have been ingested. Can appear clinically similar to Ethylene Glycol Toxicity, and since ethanol is a treatment for Ethylene Glycol Toxicosis the correct diagnosis is important. Methanol Toxicity has been reported in dogs ingesting gas-line antifreeze preparations; other consumer products can also contain methanol. Isopropyl Alcohol Toxicity is uncommon in pets but might result from the use of this agent in home remedies.
 
Species   Canine, Feline
 
Signs   Abdominal distention, Abnormal breath odor, Ataxia, Cold skin, Colic, Coma, Congestion oral mucous membranes, Constant or increased vocalization, Decreased respiratory rate, Dehydration, Disoriented, Dullness, Dysmetria, Dyspnea, Excitement, Fever, Generalized weakness, Hematemesis, Hyperesthesia, Hypothermia, Inability to stand, Increased respiratory rate, Pain on external abdominal pressure, Pale, Polydipsia, Seizures or syncope, Trembling, Tremor, Vomiting or regurgitation
 
References   Cortinovis C. Household Food Items Toxic to Dogs and Cats. Front Vet Sci 2016;Mar [Web Reference]
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