TRICHOBILHARZIA, SCHISTOSOMES, OBLITERATIVE ENDOPHLEBITIS IN SWANS
 
Description    Adult schistosomes of TRICHOBILHARZIA sp. were associated with obliterative endophlebitis in swans. Obstruction of venous return in the intestinal and portal veins might have contributed to emaciation and death.
 
Species   Avian
 
Signs   Dehydration, Dullness, Increased mortality in flocks of birds, Underweight, poor condition, thin, emaciated, unthriftiness, ill thrift, Weight loss
 
References   Akagami M. Pathogenesis of Venous Hypertrophy Associated with Schistosomiasis in Whooper Swans (Cygnus cygnus) in Japan. Avian Dis 2010;54:146 [Web Reference]
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