Description    Copper Deficiency can be Primary or Secondary to the excess intake of other metals. Several syndromes are seen, including anemia, physeal dysplasia of the distal metatarsal and metacarpals, acute heart failure, decreased pigmentation of the hair, rupture of the large vessels or heart in calves, and fetal resorption.
Species   Bovine
Signs   Abnormal length estrus cycle, Abortion or weak newborns, Agalactia, Alopecia, Anestrus, Anorexia, Contracture fore limb, leg, Decreased hair, feather, pigment, Diarrhea, Female infertility, Forelimb lameness, Forelimb swelling, Generalized lameness or stiffness, Hindlimb lameness, Hindlimb swelling, Lack of growth or weight gain, Lack of libido or erection, Male infertility, Pale, Pica, Rough hair coat, Sudden death, Tachycardia, Underweight, poor condition, thin, emaciated, unthriftiness, ill thrift, Weight loss
References   Kistner MJ. The effects of molybdenum water concentration on feedlot performance, tissue mineral concentrations, and carcass quality of feedlot steers. J Anim Sci 2017;95:2758 [Web Reference]
Kegley EB. Impact of mineral and vitamin status on beef cattle immune function and health. J Anim Sci 2016;94:5401 [Web Reference]
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