SALMON POISONING DISEASE, NEORICKETTSIA HELMINTHOECA, IN DOGS
 
Description    Salmon Poisoning Disease is most common along the North American Pacific coast and has been reported from Brazil. Caused by the ingestion of the trematode NANOPHYETES SALMINCOLA in raw freshwater fish, particularly Salmon; this trematode can carry NEORICKETTSIA HELMINTHOECA, the cause of Salmon Poisoning.
 
Species   Canine
 
Signs   Anorexia, Arrhythmia, Bloody stools, feces, hematochezia, Colic, Conjunctival, scleral, injection, Conjunctival, scleral, redness, Dehydration, Diarrhea, Dullness, Dyspnea, Epistaxis, Excessive salivation, Fever, Forefoot swelling, Forelimb lameness, Forelimb pain, Forelimb swelling, Generalized weakness, Head, face, ears, jaw, nose, nasal, swelling, Hematemesis, Hemorrhage of any body part or clotting failure, Hepatosplenomegaly, Hindfoot swelling, Hindlimb lameness, Hindlimb pain, Hindlimb swelling, Hyphema, Hypothermia, Inability to stand, Increased respiratory rate, Lacrimation, Lymphadenopathy, Melena or occult blood in feces, stools, Mucoid nasal discharge, Mucous, mucoid stools, feces, Neck swelling, Pain on external abdominal pressure, Pain, neck, cervical, throat, Pale, Polydipsia, Polyuria, Purulent discharge from eye, Purulent nasal discharge, Seizures or syncope, Skin edema, Tachycardia, Trembling, Tremor, Underweight, poor condition, thin, emaciated, unthriftiness, ill thrift, Ventricular premature beat, Vomiting or regurgitation, Weak pulse, Weight loss
 
References   Thompson CA. Common Infectious Organisms. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 2017;47:151 [Web Reference]
Greiman SE. Nanophyetus salmincola, vector of the salmon poisoning disease agent Neorickettsia helminthoeca, harbors a second pathogenic Neorickettsia species. Vet Parasitol 2016;229:107 [Web Reference]
Wardrop KJ. Update on Canine and Feline Blood Donor Screening for Blood-Borne Pathogens. J Vet Intern Med 2016;30:15 [Web Reference]
Copyright © 2017 Cornell University College of Veterinary Medicine