PETROLEUM HYDROCARBON TOXICITY IN RUMINANTS
 
Description    Petroleum hydrocarbons such as crude oils, condensates, kerosene, gasoline, diesel fuel, Bunker C fuel, hydraulic fluids, aviation jet fuel, electrical transformer oil, discarded crankcase oil, lubricating oils and other products can be toxic to ruminants. Oil-well drilling fluids, muds and additives can be quite toxic. Signs are caused by inhalation pneumonia, skin irritation, or enteric effects.
 
Species   Bovine, Caprine, Ovine
 
Signs   Abdominal distention, Abnormal breath odor, Abnormal lung or pleural sounds, Agalactia, Alopecia, Anorexia, Ataxia, Bloat in ruminants, Bloody stools, feces, hematochezia, Coughing, Cracked skin, Decreased amount of stools, absent feces, constipation, Decreased borborygmi, Diarrhea, Dullness, Dysmetria, Dyspnea, Excessive salivation, Female infertility, Fever, Generalized weakness, Hyperesthesia, Hyperkeratosis, Hypothermia, Inability to stand, Increased respiratory rate, Ingesta in nasal passage, Lacrimation, Mydriasis, Paraparesis, Reluctant to move, Rumen hypomotility or atony, Seizures or syncope, Skin erythema, Skin pain, Sudden death, Tachycardia, Trembling, Tremor, Underweight, poor condition, thin, emaciated, unthriftiness, ill thrift, Unusual or foul odor, stools, feces, Vomiting or regurgitation, Weight loss
 
References   Poppenga RH. Commercial and Industrial Chemical Hazards for Ruminants. Vet Clin N A Food Anim Pract 2011;27:373 [Web Reference]
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