DIEFFENBACHIA, PHILODENDRON, ARACEA, POISONING IN DOGS AND CATS
 
Description    Members of the plant family ARACEA, which includes Dieffenbachia (Dumb Cane), Philodedrons, Caladium, Calla Lily, Skunk Cabbage, and Elephants Ears, produce a glossitis-stomatitis syndrome. Signs relate to irritation and swelling of the mouth and pharynx, and animals may drink large amounts in an attempt to wash out the irritant.
 
Species   Canine, Feline
 
Signs   Abnormal upper airway breathing sounds, Anorexia, Change in voice, Colic, Diarrhea, Dullness, Dyspnea, Excessive salivation, Gagging, retching, Head shaking, Increased respiratory rate, Laryngeal, tracheal, pharyngeal swelling, Mouth, oral mucosal or tongue pain, Oral cavity, tongue swelling, Oral mucosal ulcers, vesicles, Pain on external abdominal pressure, Polydipsia, Tongue protrusion, Vomiting or regurgitation
 
References   Peterson K. Airway obstruction in a dog after Dieffenbachia ingestion. J Vet Emerg Crit Care 2009;19:635 [Web Reference]
Botha CJ. Potential plant poisonings in dogs and cats in southern Africa. J S Afr Vet Assoc 2009;80:63
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