CYANIDE, CYANOGENIC PLANT POISONING IN DOGS
 
Description    Plants in the genera of PRUNUS (apricot, almond, cherry) and MALUS (apple) are the likely plant sources of cyanide poisoning in dogs. It is postulated that this might occur in dogs ingesting pits in garbage, and has been reported in a dog chewing on choke cherry bark. Poisoning without identification of the source has been reported. Mucous membranes and venous blood are bright red.
 
Species   Canine
 
Signs   Abnormal behavior, aggression, changing habits, Ataxia, Bloody stools, feces, hematochezia, Coma, Congestion oral mucous membranes, Decreased respiratory rate, Diarrhea, Dysmetria, Dyspnea, Excessive salivation, Excitement, Fecal incontinence, Forelimb spasms, Generalized weakness, Head, face, neck spasms, Hindlimb spasms, Hyperesthesia, Inability to stand, Increased respiratory rate, Miosis, Mydriasis, Seizures or syncope, Sudden death, Urinary incontinence
 
References   Cortinovis C. Epidemiology of intoxication of domestic animals by plants in Europe. Vet J 2013;197:163 [Web Reference]
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