VENOMOUS MAMMAL, PLATYPUS, SHREW TOXICITY
 
Description    Venomous mammals are rare. The platypus, found in Australia, delivers venom by a spur on the medial aspect of the tarsus. Only mature males are dangerous. There is local pain and swelling at the injection site. The short-tailed shrew BLARINA BREVICAUDA is venomous and there is the potential for toxicosis following a bite although there appear to be no published reports of this.
 
Species   Canine
 
Signs   Anorexia, Dullness, Forelimb lameness, Forelimb swelling, Head, face, ears, jaw, nose, nasal, swelling, Hindlimb lameness, Petechiae, ecchymoses, purpura, Skin edema, Skin erythema, Skin pain, Swelling skin or subcutaneous
 
References   Lee JA. Emergency Management and Treatment of the Poisoned Small Animal Patient. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 2013;43:757 [Web Reference]
Kita M. Blarina toxin, a mammalian lethal venom from the short-tailed shrew Blarina brevicauda: Isolation and characterization. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2004;101:7542 [Web Reference]
Prescott CW. Ticks, spiders, insects, cane toads, platypus venom intoxications. Aust Vet Pract 1984;14:111
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