CYCAD, CYCAS, SAGO PALM, POISONING
 
Description    Dogs developed poisoning after eating Cycad plants such as the Sago palm. Liver damage is a prominent component of this poisoning.
 
Species   Canine
 
Signs   Abdominal distention, Abnormal behavior, aggression, changing habits, Abnormal proprioceptive positioning, Anorexia, Ascites, Ataxia, Bloody stools, feces, hematochezia, Colic, Coma, Congestion oral mucous membranes, Decreased amount of stools, absent feces, constipation, Dehydration, Diarrhea, Dullness, Dysmetria, Dyspnea, Excessive salivation, Fever, Generalized weakness, Glucosuria, Head pressing, Hematemesis, Hematuria, Hemoglobinuria or myoglobinuria, Hemorrhage of any body part or clotting failure, Hypothermia, Icterus, Inability to stand, Increased respiratory rate, Melena or occult blood in feces, stools, Miosis, Pain on external abdominal pressure, Pale, Petechiae, ecchymoses, purpura, Polydipsia, Proteinuria, Red or brown urine, Seizures or syncope, Swelling skin or subcutaneous, Tachycardia, Trembling, Tremor, Vomiting or regurgitation
 
References   Clarke C. Cycad Palm Toxicosis in 14 Dogs from Texas. JAAHA 2017;53:159 [Web Reference]
Thawley V. Acute Liver Injury and Failure. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 2017;47:617 [Web Reference]
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