CIGUATOXIN, CIGUATERA FISH POISOING, OR TETRODOTOXIN, PUFFER TOXICITY IN CATS
 
Description    Ciguatoxin and tetrodotoxin can poison cats that ingest toxic tropical and semitropical marine fish species (ciguatoxin) or puffer fish (tetrodotoxin). While they have differing modes of action the clinical pictures are similar.
 
Species   Feline
 
Signs   Abnormal forelimb reflexes, Abnormal hindlimb reflexes, Anorexia, Arrhythmia, Ataxia, Bradycardia, Coma, Diarrhea, Dysmetria, Dysphagia, Dyspnea, Excessive salivation, First degree atrioventricular heart block, Generalized weakness, Inability to stand, Increased respiratory rate, Lacrimation, Mydriasis, Paraparesis, Second degree atrioventricular heart block, Seizures or syncope, Tachycardia, Tetraparesis, Vomiting or regurgitation
 
References   Kemppainen B. Field cases of feline ciguatera. Comp Cont Ed Pract Vet 2004;26:132
McPherson C. Ciguatoxin and tetrodotoxin poisoning in the cat: their diagnosis, treatment and management. Aust Vet Practit 1998;28:26
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