GASEOUS, INHALENT, TOXICITY IN BIRDS
 
Description    Exposure to irritant gases such as ammonia, aromatic hydrocarbons, kerosene vapor, volatile aerosols, and caustic agents can cause exudate to form in the trachea and bronchi. Polytetrafluoroethylene gas is produced when some cooking surfaces coated with a nonstick surface are heated to more than 280 degrees. There can be sudden death, especially in birds housed near the kitchen, or there can be clinical signs of hemorrhagic pneumonia. This syndrome was described in chickens exposed to light bulbs coated with PTFE.
 
Species   Avian
 
Signs   Abnormal lung or pleural sounds, Abnormal upper airway breathing sounds, Anorexia, Ataxia, Blindness, Chemosis, Conjunctival, scleral, injection, Conjunctival, scleral, redness, Coughing, Diarrhea, Dullness, Dysmetria, Dyspnea, Increased respiratory rate, Lack of growth or weight gain, Lacrimation, Oral mucosal ulcers, vesicles, Photophobia, Seizures or syncope, Skin ulcer, Sneezing, Sudden death, Vomiting or regurgitation
 
References   Stout JD. Common Emergencies in Pet Birds. Vet Clin N A Exotic Anim Pract 2016;19:513 [Web Reference]
Copyright © 2017 Cornell University College of Veterinary Medicine