BETA 2-ADRENERGIC RECEPTOR AGONIST TOXICITY
 
Description    Drugs such as salbutamol (albuterol), metaproterenol, pirbuterol, isoetharine, terbutaline, formeterol and bitolterol used to treat people with asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease can be toxic to dogs. Because they might affect performance there is the potential for illegal use in show and racing animals.
 
Species   Canine
 
Signs   Abnormal behavior, aggression, changing habits, Anorexia, Arrhythmia, Ataxia, Atrial fibrillation, Congestion oral mucous membranes, Conjunctival, scleral, injection, Conjunctival, scleral, redness, Dullness, Dysmetria, Dyspnea, Excessive salivation, Excitement, Fever, First degree atrioventricular heart block, Generalized weakness, Hyperesthesia, Inability to stand, Increased respiratory rate, Jugular pulse, Mydriasis, Paraparesis, Polydipsia, Prolapsed third eyelid, Prolonged capillary refill time, Propulsion, Pulse deficiency, Second degree atrioventricular heart block, Sinus arrhythmia, Sinus tachycardia, Tachycardia, Tetraparesis, Trembling, Tremor, Ventricular premature beat, Ventricular tachycardia, Vomiting or regurgitation, Weak pulse
 
References   Cortinovis C. Poisoning of dogs and cats by drugs intended for human use. Vet J 2015;203:52 [Web Reference]
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