NIEREMBERGIA POISONING IN RUMINANTS AND HORSES
 
Description    The plant NIEREMBERGIA HIPPOMANICA has caused poisoning in South America and South Africa.
 
Species   Bovine, Equine, Caprine, Ovine
 
Signs   Abnormal behavior, aggression, changing habits, Abnormal pupillary response to light, Arrhythmia, Ataxia, Dehydration, Diarrhea, Dysmetria, Dysphagia, Dyspnea, Excessive salivation, Excitement, Hyperesthesia, Inability to stand, Increased respiratory rate, Mydriasis, Seizures or syncope, Sudden death, Tongue protrusion
 
References   Botha CJ. Neurotoxicity in calves induced by the plant, nierembergia hippomanica miers var. violacea millan in south africa. Onderstepoort J Vet Res 1999;66:237
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