PROSOPIS, MESQUITE, POISONING
 
Description    PROSOPIS JULIFLORA is a tree that produces fruits known as mesquite beans. Cattle and goats that eat the pods of the beans or their bran can develop clinical signs. Honey mesquite, PROSOPSIS GLANDULOSA, can cause vacuolation in the trigeminal nerve motor nucleus; clinical signs are more severe in goats than in sheep and cattle.
 
Species   Bovine, Caprine
 
Signs   Abnormal behavior, aggression, changing habits, Difficulty in prehending or chewing food, Dysphagia, Excessive salivation, Excitement, Head tilt, Head, face, ears, jaw weakness, droop, Head, face, ears, jaw, nose, nasal, swelling, Head, face, jaw, tongue atrophy, Hyperesthesia, Pale, Rumen hypomotility or atony, Skin edema, Tongue protrusion, Tongue weakness, Trembling, Tremor, Underweight, poor condition, thin, emaciated, unthriftiness, ill thrift, Weight loss
 
References   Tabosa IM. Neurohistologic and Ultrastructural Lesions in Cattle Experimentally Intoxicated with the Plant Prosopis juliflora. Vet Pathol 2006;43:695 [Web Reference]
Washburn KE. Honey mesquite toxicosis in a goat. JAVMA 2002;220:1837 [Web Reference]
Tabosa IM. Neuronal vacuolation of the trigeminal nuclei in goats caused by ingestion of prosopis juliflora pods (mesquite beans). Vet Human Toxicol 2000;42:155
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