Description    Ingestion by 2-4-month-old swine of contaminated rice containing seeds of the weed AESCHYNOMENE INDICA caused focal symmetrical encephalomalacia. This condition was experimentally reproduced. The weed is present in irrigated rice in Asia, the Pacific Islands, Australia, Africa, Puerto Rico, and Brazil.
Species   Porcine
Signs   Ataxia, Dysmetria, Dyspnea, Excessive salivation, Inability to stand, Increased respiratory rate, Tremor, Vomiting or regurgitation
References   Oliveira FN. Focal symmetrical encephalomalacia in swine from ingestion of AESCHYNOMENE INDICA seeds. Vet Human Toxicol 2004;46:309
Haraguchi M. Neurotoxicity to pigs and rodents from different fractions of ESCHYNOMENE INDICA seeds. Vet Human Toxicol 2003;45:177
Riet-Correa F. Symmetric focal degeneration in the cerebellar and vestibular nuclei in swine caused by ingestion of EASCHYMONEME INDICA seeds. Vet Pathol 2003;40:311 [Web Reference]
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