ARSENIC TOXICITY IN LARGE ANIMALS
 
Description    Arsenic is used as an herbicide and exposure to arsenic can lead to toxicity. Acute colic can occur in horses and cattle.
 
Species   Bovine, Equine, Caprine, Ovine, Porcine
 
Signs   Agalactia, Alopecia, Anorexia, Ataxia, Blindness, Bloat in ruminants, Bloody stools, feces, hematochezia, Cold skin, Colic, Coma, Congestion oral mucous membranes, Cracked skin, Cyanosis, Dehydration, Diarrhea, Dryness of skin or hair, Dullness, Dysmetria, Dyspnea, Epistaxis, Excessive salivation, Fever, Generalized lameness or stiffness, Generalized weakness, Grinding teeth, Hematuria, Hemorrhage of any body part or clotting failure, Hyperkeratosis, Hypothermia, Inability to stand, Increased respiratory rate, Melena or occult blood in feces, stools, Pain on external abdominal pressure, Pale, Paraparesis, Polydipsia, Polyuria, Reluctant to move, Rough hair coat, Rumen hypomotility or atony, Seizures or syncope, Skin scales, Skin ulcer, Sudden death, Tachycardia, Tetraparesis, Trembling, Tremor, Underweight, poor condition, thin, emaciated, unthriftiness, ill thrift, Vomiting or regurgitation, Weak pulse, Weight loss
 
References   Cowan V. Characterizing 1341 cases of veterinary toxicoses confirmed in western Canada: A 16-year retrospective study. Can Vet J 2016;57:53 [Web Reference]
Bertin FR. Arsenic Toxicosis in Cattle: Meta-Analysis of 156 Cases. J Vet Intern Med 2013;27:977 [Web Reference]
Castell SW. Metal toxicosis in horses. Vet Clin N A: Eq Pract 2002;17:517
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