Description    Organochlorine insecticides such as aldrin, dieldrin, heptachlor, endrin, endosulfan, toxaphene, methoxychlor, lindane and mirex can cause CNS disease and death.
Species   Bovine, Canine, Equine, Feline, Caprine, Ovine, Porcine
Signs   Abnormal behavior, aggression, changing habits, Abnormal proprioceptive positioning, Abnormal upper airway breathing sounds, Agalactia, Anorexia, Arrhythmia, Ataxia, Blindness, Bradycardia, Circling, Coma, Congestion oral mucous membranes, Conjunctival, scleral, redness, Cyanosis, Diarrhea, Disoriented, Dullness, Dysmetria, Dyspnea, Excessive salivation, Excitement, Fever, Forelimb spasms, Generalized lameness or stiffness, Generalized weakness, Grinding teeth, Head pressing, Head, face, neck spasms, Hindlimb spasms, Hyperesthesia, Hypothermia, Inability to stand, Increased respiratory rate, Nystagmus, Opisthotonus, Propulsion, Rough hair coat, Rumen hypomotility or atony, Seizures or syncope, Sudden death, Tachycardia, Tetany, Trembling, Tremor, Underweight, poor condition, thin, emaciated, unthriftiness, ill thrift, Vomiting or regurgitation, Weight loss
References   De Roma A. Endosulfan poisoning in canids and felids in the Calabria region of southern Italy. J Vet Diagn Invest 2017;29:122 [Web Reference]
Finnie J. Neurological diseases of ruminant livestock in Australia. II: toxic disorders and nutritional deficiencies. Aust Vet J 2011;89:247 [Web Reference]
Poppenga RH. Commercial and Industrial Chemical Hazards for Ruminants. Vet Clin N A Food Anim Pract 2011;27:373 [Web Reference]
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