PINE NEEDLE ABORTION, POISONING, IN CATTLE
 
Description    Pine Needle Abortion is caused by the consumption of pine needles from select species of cypress, juniper, pine, and spruce trees.
 
Species   Bovine
 
Signs   Abortion or weak newborns, Retained placenta, fetal membranes
 
References   Welch KD. Changes in the rumen bacterial microbiome of cattle exposed to ponderosa pine needles1. J Anim Sci 2017;95:2314 [Web Reference]
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