EPILEPSY, UNKNOWN CAUSE, GENETIC, STRUCTURAL-METABOLIC, STATUS EPILEPTICUS, SEIZURES
 
Description    Unknown Cause Epilepsy is common in dogs. In Genetic Epilepsy a genetic defect directly contributes to the epilepsy and seizures are the core sign of the disorder. Structural-Metabolic Epilepsy is caused by a structural or metabolic disorder of the brain. In dogs and cats with Epilepsy there is often a short 'aura', followed by seizures lasting 1/2 to 2 minutes. In some cases there are partial seizures, with spasticity and trembling. Stimulus-specific seizures occur in dogs; the triggers can be fairly specific and might repeatedly provoke seizures. Seizures can be followed by postictal depression or blindness. Myopathy can accompany Status Epilepticus. Rare in cattle; attacks usually start when calves are several months old and might disappear entirely between 1 and 2 years of age. In mares seizures have been observed that seem to be limited to times of estrus. Arabian foals can develop seizures that cease by 2 years of age; this might be Genetic; Unknown Cause Epilepsy can occur in horses.
 
Species   Bovine, Canine, Equine, Feline, Caprine, Ovine
 
Signs   Abnormal behavior, aggression, changing habits, Back spasms, Blindness, Constant or increased vocalization, Dullness, Excessive salivation, Excitement, Forelimb spasms, Head, face, neck spasms, Hindlimb spasms, Hyperesthesia, Nystagmus, Seizures or syncope, Trembling, Tremor
 
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