Description    Prostate gland enlargement of unknown cause, Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia, is common in old dogs. Constipation and tenesmus are the most common signs but urinary tract problems can also occur. The gland is not painful when palpated.
Species   Canine
Signs   Decreased amount of stools, absent feces, constipation, Dysuria, Enlarged, distended, urinary bladder, Hematuria, Hemorrhage of any body part or clotting failure, Hemospermia, blood, red semen, Internal abdominal mass, Male infertility, Red or brown urine, Swelling mass enlarged prostate, Tenesmus, Underweight, poor condition, thin, emaciated, unthriftiness, ill thrift, Urinary incontinence, Weight loss
References   Christensen BW. Canine Prostate Disease. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 2018;48:701 [Web Reference]
Angrimani DSR. Effects of benign prostatic hyperplasia and finasteride therapy on prostatic blood flow in dogs. Theriogenology 2018;Mar [Web Reference]
Houlihan KE. A literature review on the welfare implications of gonadectomy of dogs. JAVMA 2017;250:1155 [Web Reference]
Pinheiro D. Evaluation of biomarker canine-prostate specific arginine esterase (CPSE) for the diagnosis of benign prostatic hyperplasia. BMC Vet Res 2017;13:76 [Web Reference]
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