Description    Intervertebral Disk Disease causes compression of and damage to the spinal cord. Common in dogs, rare in cats.
Species   Canine, Feline
Signs   Abnormal anal, perineal, tail reflexes, Abnormal behavior, aggression, changing habits, Abnormal forelimb reflexes, Abnormal hindlimb reflexes, Abnormal panniculus reflex, Abnormal proprioceptive positioning, Ataxia, Back pain, Back spasms, Change in voice, Constant or increased vocalization, Decreased respiratory rate, Dullness, Dysmetria, Dyspnea, Enlarged, distended, urinary bladder, Enophthalmos, Fecal incontinence, Forelimb hypoesthesia, Forelimb lameness, Forelimb weakness, Head, face, neck spasms, Hemiparesis, Hindlimb atrophy, Hindlimb hypoesthesia, Hindlimb lameness, Hyperesthesia, Hypertonia of muscles, myotonia, Inability to stand, Miosis, Muscle hypotonia, Pain, neck, cervical, throat, Paraparesis, Prolapsed third eyelid, Ptosis, Reluctant to move, Stiffness or extended neck, Tail weakness, Tail, anal hypoesthesia, Tetraparesis, Urinary incontinence, Weakness of one hindlimb
References   Dugat DR. Recurrence of disk herniation following percutaneous laser disk ablation in dogs with a history of thoracolumbar intervertebral disk herniation: 303 cases (19942011). JAVMA 2016;249:1393 [Web Reference]
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