CANINE STEROID-RESPONSIVE MENINGITIS-ARTERITIS, MENINGOENCEPHALITIS
 
Description    Dogs can develop meningitis that does not respond to antibiotic treatment but improves following corticosteroid therapy. CSF shows increased protein and neutrophilic pleocytosis. Neck pain and fever with a stiff, short-strided gait and reluctance to walk are the most common signs, but other neurologic deficits have been seen. This is the most-common form of meningitis diagnosed in most veterinary hospitals, and can be seen concurrently with immune-mediated polyarthritis.
 
Species   Canine
 
Signs   Abnormal behavior, aggression, changing habits, Abnormal forelimb reflexes, Abnormal hindlimb reflexes, Abnormal proprioceptive positioning, Abnormal pupillary response to light, Anisocoria, Anorexia, Ataxia, Back pain, Back spasms, Blindness, Circling, Coma, Constant or increased vocalization, Disoriented, Dullness, Dysmetria, Fecal incontinence, Fever, Gagging, retching, Generalized lameness or stiffness, Generalized weakness, Head tilt, Hyperesthesia, Hypertonia of muscles, myotonia, Inability to stand, Miosis, Nystagmus, Optic atrophy, Pain, neck, cervical, throat, Paraparesis, Propulsion, Reluctant to move, Seizures or syncope, Stiffness or extended neck, Strabismus, Tachycardia, Tetraparesis, Urinary incontinence, Ventricular tachycardia
 
References   Carwardine D, Granger N. Non-infectious inflammatory diseases of the central nervous system in dogs. Companion Animal 2013;18:49049 [Web Reference]
Hansson-Hamlin H, Lilliehook I. Steroid-responsive meningitis-arteritis in Nova Scotia duck tolling retrievers. Veterinary Record 2013;173:527 [Web Reference]
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