Description    Dogs can develop meningitis that does not respond to antibiotic treatment but improves following corticosteroid therapy. CSF shows increased protein and neutrophilic pleocytosis. Waxing and waning neck pain and fever with a stiff, short-strided gait and reluctance to walk are the most common signs, but other neurologic deficits have been seen. This is the most-common form of meningitis diagnosed in most veterinary hospitals, and can be seen concurrently with immune-mediated polyarthritis.
Species   Canine
Signs   Abnormal behavior, aggression, changing habits, Abnormal forelimb reflexes, Abnormal hindlimb reflexes, Abnormal proprioceptive positioning, Abnormal pupillary response to light, Anisocoria, Anorexia, Ataxia, Back pain, Back spasms, Blindness, Circling, Coma, Constant or increased vocalization, Disoriented, Dullness, Dysmetria, Fecal incontinence, Fever, Gagging, retching, Generalized lameness or stiffness, Generalized weakness, Head tilt, Hyperesthesia, Hypertonia of muscles, myotonia, Inability to stand, Miosis, Nystagmus, Optic atrophy, Pain, neck, cervical, throat, Paraparesis, Propulsion, Reluctant to move, Seizures or syncope, Stiffness or extended neck, Strabismus, Tachycardia, Tetraparesis, Urinary incontinence, Ventricular tachycardia
References   Biedermann E. Relapses in dogs with steroid-responsive meningitis-arteritis. J Small Anim Pract 2016;57:91 [Web Reference]
Cardy TJA. Clinical reasoning in canine spinal disease: what combination of clinical information is useful? Vet Rec 2015;177:171 [Web Reference]
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