Description    Sudden Acquired Retinal Degeneration Syndrome is: sudden or relatively sudden (over a period of less than 4 weeks) loss of vision with pupillary dilation; the absence of obvious retinal lesions; and a nonrecordable electroretinogram. The cause is unknown; usually a disease of adult dogs. With time there can be retinal degeneration. In some dogs clinical signs are not limited to the eyes.
Species   Canine
Signs   Abnormal behavior, aggression, changing habits, Abnormal pupillary response to light, Abnormal retinal pigmentation, Abnormal retinal reflectivity, Blindness, Conjunctival, scleral, redness, Dullness, Dyspnea, Hepatosplenomegaly, Increased respiratory rate, Mydriasis, Overweight, Polydipsia, Polyphagia, Polyuria
References   Young WM. Clinical therapeutic efficacy of mycophenolate mofetil in the treatment of SARDS in dogs—a prospective open-label pilot study. Vet Ophthalmol 2018;Jan [Web Reference]
Auten CR. Cofactors associated with Sudden Acquired Retinal Degeneration Syndrome: 151 dogs within a reference population. Vet Ophthalmol 2017;Aug [Web Reference]
Heller AR. Sudden acquired retinal degeneration in dogs: breed distribution of 495 canines. Vet Ophthalmol 2017;20:103 [Web Reference]
Komaromy AM. Sudden acquired retinal degeneration syndrome (SARDS) – a review and proposed strategies toward a better understanding of pathogenesis, early diagnosis, and therapy. Vet Ophthalmol 2016;19:319 [Web Reference]
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