Cataractogenic Etiologies: Research on nutritional causes of cataracts in salmonides. Evaluated
eyes of fish fed diets deficient in amino acids, minerals, and vitamins. Slit lamp and histopathological
Scanning Electron Microscopy: Studies of ocular tissues.
Surgical Research and Clinical Applications of Ultrasonic Fragmentors: Performed and developed
techniques which are now widely used in removing cataracts in small animals. Publications and
presentations at national international meetings.
Nyctalopia (Night Visual Impairment): As it relates to congenital stationary night blindness.
Published papers on equine (Appaloosa) and canine (Briard) conditions.
Progressive Retinal Degeneration: As it relates to acquired and inherent retinal diseases (published
and ongoing research).
Dyslipoproteinemias: Investigated dyslipoproteinemias and their affect upon ocular tissues - poster
Vitamin E Deficiency: Investigated the affect vitamin E deficiency has on dogs and horses. Vitamin
E deficient retinopathy in the dog was published to expose the condition as acquired and similar to
central retinal canine degenerations.
Equine Motor Neuron Disease: Equine motor neuron disease was extensively researched and
shown to be, in part, due to vitamin E deficiency. The visual manifestations were published,
presented as posters, and presented at seminars.
Uveitis in the Dog: Studies on uveitis in the dog induced by distemper virus were presented in
seminar and poster form.
Long-Term Research Projects in Tibetan Terriers: A long-term research project in Tibetan Terriers
with visual manifestations of an inherent systemic neuronal-ceroid-lipofuscinosis was published in
Medical Genetics. This canine model was similar to Kuff's disease in humans.
Ocular Pathology: Ocular pathology revealing pathological similarities to human described lesions,
publishing on canine retinoblastoma and equine medulloepitheliomas.
On-going Comparative Ophthalmic Pathology: Specific lymphomas and infectious diseases of feline
Research of Tapetal Cell: Research of the tapetal cell characteristics of the large wild cats using
x-ray diffraction analysis.
Retinal Detachment: Laser surgery using transpupillary and transscleral technique.
Ocular Melanoma Thermo Therapy: Treatment using indirect or direct diode laser methods.
Intraocular surgery for retinal tear or disinsertional retinal detachment.