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Foal
Immunodeficiencies - References:
Immunodeficiencies
Humoral Immunodeficiencies
Cellular Immunodeficiencies
Phagocytic Immunodeficiency
Complement Component Immunodeficiencies
Severe Combined Immunodeficiency
Clinical Management
References

Cunningham-Rundles C, Knight AK: Common variable immune deficiency: reviews, continued puzzles, and a new registry. Immunol Res 38:78-86, 2007

Banks KL: Combined (B- and T-lymphocyte) immunodeficiency: a fatal genetic disease in Arabian foals. J Am Vet Med Assoc 164:70-76, 1974

Bell SC, Savidge C, Taylor P, et al. 2001. An immunodeficiency in Fell ponies: a preliminary study into cellular responses. Equine Vet J 33:687-692.

Flaminio MJBF, LaCombe V, Kohn KW, Antczak DF: Common variable immunodeficiency in a horse. J Am Vet Med Assoc 221:1296-1302, 2002

Flaminio MJ, Tallmadge RL, Salles-Gomes CO, et al. 2009. Common variable immunodeficiency in horses is characterized by B cell depletion in primary and secondary lymphoid tissues. J Clin Immunol 29: 107-116.

Fox-Clipsham LY, Swinburne JE, Papoula-Pereira RI, et al. 2009. Immunodeficiency/anaemia syndrome in a Dales pony. Vet Rec 165:289-290.

Fox-Clipsham LY, Carter SD, Goodhead I, et al. 2011.  Identification of a mutation associated with fatal foal immunodeficiency syndrome in the Fell and Dales Pony. PLoS Genet 7:e1002133.

Fox-Clipsham LY, Brown EE, Carter SD, et al. 2011. Population screening of endangered horse breeds for the foal immunodeficiency syndrome mutation. Vet Rec 169:655-658.

Freestone JF, Hietala S, Moulton J, Vivrette S: Acquired immunodeficiency in a seven-year-old horse. J Am Vet Med Assoc 190:689-691, 1987

Gardner RB, Hart KA, Divers TJ, Stokol T, Bevilaqua Felippe MJBF: Fell Pony Syndrome in a pony in North America. J Vet Int Med 20:198-203, 2006

Kopeck√Ĺ O, Lukesov√° S: Genetic defects in common variable immunodeficiency. Int J Immunogenet 34:225-229, 2007

MacLeay JM, Ames TR, Hayden DW, Tumas DB: Acquired B lymphocyte deficiency and chronic enterocolitis in a 3-year-old-Quarter Horse. Vet Immun Immunopathol 57:49-57, 1997

McGuire TC, Poppie MJ, Banks KL: Combined (B- and T-lymphocyte) immunodeficiency: a fatal genetic disease in Arabian foals. J Am Vet Med Assoc 164:70-76, 1974

Pellegrini-Masini A, Bentz AI, Johns IC, Parsons CS, Beech J, Whitlock RH, Bevilaqua Felippe MJBF: Common variable immunodeficiency in three horses with presumptive bacterial meningitis. J Am Vet Med Assoc 227:114-122, 2005

Perkins GA, Nydam DV, Bevilaqua Felippe MJBF, Ainsworth DM: Serum IgM concentrations in normal, fit horses and horses with lymphoma or other medical conditions. J Vet Intern Med 17:337-342, 2003

Perryman LE, McGuire TC, Banks KL: Agammaglobulinemia in horses. Am J Pathol 111:125-127, 1983

Perryman LE, McGuire TC, Hilbert BJ: Selective immunoglobulin M deficiency in foals. J Am Vet Med Assoc 170:212-215, 1977

Richards AJ, Kelly DF, Knottenbelt DC, et al. 2000. Anaemia, diarrhoea and opportunistic infections in Fell ponies. Equine Vet J 32:386-391.

Scholes SF, Holliman A, May PD, Holmes MA: A syndrome of anaemia, immunodeficiency and peripheral ganglionopathy in Fell pony foals. Vet Rec 142:128-134, 1998

Stoneham SJ, Digby NJ, Ricketts SW: Failure of passive transfer of colostral immunity in the foal: incidence, and the effect of stud management and plasma transfusions. Vet Rec 128:416-419, 1991

Tallmadge RL, Such KA, Miller KC, et al. 2012. Expression of essential B cell developmental genes in horses with common variable immunodeficiency. Mol Immunol 51:169-176.

Tennent-Brown BS, Navas de Solis C, Foreman JH, et al. 2010. Common variable immunodeficiency in a horse with chronic peritonitis. Equine Vet Educ 22: 393-399.

Thomas GW, Bell SC, Carter SD. 2005. Immunoglobulin and peripheral B-lymphocyte concentrations in Fell pony foal syndrome. Equine Vet J 37:48-52.

Thomas GW, Bell SC, Phythian C, et al. 2003. Aid to the antemortem diagnosis of Fell pony foal syndrome by the analysis of B lymphocytes. Vet Rec 152:618-621.