Department of Biomedical Sciences
Email: firstname.lastname@example.org; Phone: 607-253-4295
Sponsor: NIH-National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)
Grant Number: 5R00HD065870-05
Title: Functional Analysis of the Dual Specificity Kinase NEK1 in Mammalian Meiosis
Project Amount: $343,195
Project Period: 07/01/14-06/30/15
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): During meiosis, homologous chromosomes seek each other out and are then tethered together by the synaptonemal complex (SC) and sister chromatid cohesion, without which homologous recombination and meiotic division cannot occur. Mice with mutations in genes encoding any of the SC components or cohesins show meiotic pairing defects and, in most cases, are sterile. The SC protein, FKBP6, which is essential for completion of meiotic prophase I in male mice, interacts with a novel meiotic kinase, NEK1 (NIMA-related kinase 1). NEK1 is a dual activity serine/threonine and tyrosine kinase, and is highly expressed in germ cells, particularly the narrow window encompassing the entry into, and progression through, Prophase I. Nek1 mutant mice show severe developmental defects, not only in their fertility, but also show growth defects, cranial-facial abnormalities and polycystic kidney disease. The central hypothesis of this proposal is that NEK1 is required for prophase I to metaphase progression, as it links key SC events with those involving sister chromatid cohesion. To test this hypothesis, I will analyze meiotic progression in a line of Nek1kat2J miceharboring a single nucleotide insertion and a subsequent premature stop, resulting in truncation of the protein product and a null phenotype. Two specific aims are proposed: (1) to perform an in-depth study of the relationship between FKBP6, NEK1 and cohesin proteins directly in mouse spermatocytes, and compare this directly with the action in oocytes, to determine any sexual dimorphism in the meiotic phenotype and (2) to assess the serine/threonine and tyrosine kinase activities of both the wild type and mutant forms of NEK1 directly in mouse germ cells. These experiments will provide novel and exciting data on the role of NEK1 in meiotic progression, as well as on the mechanisms of cohesin removal at the end of prophase I, a subject on which there is very little reported data.