Skip to main content

Coronavirus PCR Guidelines

Mammalian Alpha- and Beta-coronavirus PCR*

Species Enteric Illness (diarrhea) Preferred Sample Respiratory Illness Preferred Sample Fever of Unknown Origin (systemic illness) Preferred Sample
Feline Alpha-coronavirus PCR Feces, swab in RT, intestinal tissue Alpha-coronavirus PCR (FIP suspect testing) In order of preference:
Antemortem samples: Peritoneal/pleural fluid; unfixed tissue biopsy; EDTA whole blood; CSF; serum
Postmortem samples: unfixed, affected tissue; peritoneal/pleural fluid; CSF
Canine Alpha-coronavirus PCR Feces, swab in RT, intestinal tissue Beta-coronavirus PCR Nasal swab in RT, lung tissue
Bovine Beta-coronavirus PCR Feces, swab in RT, intestinal tissue Beta-coronavirus PCR Nasal swab in RT, lung tissue
Camelid Beta-coronavirus PCR Feces, swab in RT, intestinal tissue
Equine Beta-coronavirus PCR Feces, swab in RT, intestinal tissue
Swine** Alpha-coronavirus PCR (TGE) Feces, swab in RT, intestinal tissue Alpha-coronavirus PCR (TGE) Nasal swab in RT, lung tissue
Ferret Alpha-coronavirus PCR Feces, swab in RT, intestinal tissue
Mink Alpha-coronavirus PCR Feces, swab in RT, intestinal tissue
Bat Research testing only at this time. whole bat Alpha and Beta Best tissue unknown

* The alpha-coronavirus and beta-coronavirus PCR assays offered by the Animal Health Diagnostic Center are crossreacting. That is, each will detect all of the respective alpha- or beta- coronaviruses indicated in this guide.  Please submit the indicated specimen(s).

** The viruses associated with Porcine epidemic diarrhea (PED/PDCov) are not detected by this assay and detection requires referral to another laboratory.

Share this: